5 Types of Roofing Replacement

A new roof is one of the best investments you can make for your home. Studies show that a new roof can increase resale value by up to 80%.

However, roofing replacement costs can vary greatly. Some factors include geographic location, labor rates, and material prices. Choosing the right roofing materials is also important to minimize future expenses. Visit our Website to learn more.


Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material for new construction and home renovations. They protect your home from rain and other weather elements, keeping you and your family dry and comfortable.

There are different types of asphalt shingles, each with their own benefits and drawbacks. The most basic type is the three-tab shingle, also called architectural shingles. It’s a single layer with cut-outs that form three individual tabs. Its low price and wide availability make it a popular choice. Other shingles, sometimes called premium shingles, are designed to mimic the appearance of other roofing materials like shakes and slate tiles. Some are even crafted to offer improved performance characteristics such as impact resistance or solar reflectivity.

The standard asphalt shingle is made of either an organic or fiberglass mat saturated and coated with asphalt then topped with ceramic-coated opaque mineral granules. The granules help protect the shingle from the sun’s damaging UV rays and give the shingle color. Some shingles are manufactured with special features such as built-in gutter guards to help prevent debris from building up in your roof. There are also specialized shingles to cover hips and ridges of your roof, as well as underlayment sheets that provide additional protection from moisture.

The biggest drawback to asphalt shingles is their limited lifespan. They can become brittle and vulnerable to damage from extreme weather conditions if not properly maintained. The most important maintenance step is keeping your roof clear of debris such as leaves, branches, and other waste. A clean roof is also more attractive and safer. In addition, preventing thermal shock by maintaining a consistent temperature in your attic with proper ventilation (balancing intake and exhaust) can extend the lifespan of your asphalt shingles.

Cedar shakes offer an eye-catching look and can add value to your home. They are also highly insulating, which can help lower your energy bills. However, they require regular maintenance. For example, moss and mildew can eat away at the shakes, leaving them vulnerable to rot. The best way to prevent this is to regularly clean your cedar roof.

In addition, it’s important to select a contractor who is experienced with installing cedar shakes. The right contractor will provide you with a workmanship warranty and have the knowledge and skills necessary to install your roof correctly.

A newer alternative to hand-split cedar shakes is the synthetic option called CeDUR. These shakes are molded from real cedar and made of state-of-the-art polyurethane material, making them almost indistinguishable from the real thing. These shakes are moisture-resistant, making them much more durable than traditional natural wood.

When it comes to installation, it’s important to follow the grading standards set forth by the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau (CSSB). These guidelines include a mix of shake widths in each bundle, as well as a ventilation matrix. These requirements help ensure the correct overlaps and an aesthetically pleasing layout on your roof.

Uplift resistance is another factor to consider when choosing a roofing material. The CSSB tests shakes and shingles against wind-induced uplift to determine the strength of the material. The results show that shakes and shingles are up to 90 psf stronger than OSB.

The uplift resistance of shakes and shingles is a direct result of the number of watershedding layers working together to keep rain out of your home. This means that it is critical to keep your gutters and roof free from debris that can impede water flow. Overhanging tree limbs are a common culprit because they can block air flow and allow water to sit on the shakes. This moisture can lead to rot and mold, which will ultimately shorten the shakes’ lifespan and damage your home.

There are a number of different manufacturers of synthetic cedar shakes that offer superior options to natural cedar. These shingles are typically made from resins and polymers that mimic the appearance of cedar but can withstand severe weather far better than traditional wood. They can also withstand moisture and won’t need constant maintenance. These shingles are available in an array of colors and styles, making it possible to create a look that will add to your home’s curb appeal. If you live in a community with an HOA, it’s important to check if there are any restrictions on shingle color or style.

Cedar is prone to insect infestations that can cause damage and need to be removed regularly. Additionally, the material can be susceptible to rot and mildew. In addition, it’s more prone to fire damage than an asphalt shingle and presents a serious risk for property owners in areas prone to wildfires. Thankfully, a few high-end manufacturers have created options that will not only look amazing, but will also provide peace of mind and allow you to comply with your homeowners insurance requirements.

 The synthetic cedar shakes have a Class A fire rating and class 4 impact ratings. They also help to reduce energy costs by offering a higher R-Value than standard shingles. You can use them in conjunction with standing seam metal or copper roof accents to really bring your house’s aesthetic to life and improve its value.

Slate roofing dates back centuries and is one of the highest-quality materials available today. This material can add an authentic and classic look to more traditional homes, with a lifespan of up to 150 or 200 years, outlasting multiple generations. However, it is also one of the heaviest materials on the market and can be quite costly. For this reason, some homeowners opt for a synthetic slate option that offers the same appearance at a more affordable price.

The benefits of a slate roof are many, including fireproof qualities and a long lifespan. These roofs are also extremely durable and resistant to mildew and mold. In addition, these roofs are incredibly attractive and can add value to your home. But it’s important to remember that a slate roof isn’t the right choice for every property, as it can be expensive and requires an expert installation.

One of the most common problems with a slate roof is damage from hail. This damage often leaves a hole in the roof and can lead to additional issues with your home, such as leaking or water damage. It is crucial to inspect your slate roof regularly and call in a professional to repair damage immediately.

Because of its longevity, it is difficult to determine if your slate roof needs replacement. If you’re unsure, contact a local roofer with experience in handling this material to evaluate your roof and recommend the best solution for you. It is also important to recognize when it’s time to call in the professionals, such as extensive damage or widespread leaks. Trying to DIY these issues could lead to more extensive and costly repairs in the future.

If you’re looking for a roofing material that will last for a lifetime and add a major boost to your curb appeal, clay tiles are an option worth considering. Though they may seem expensive due to their weight and the fact that they aren’t easy to install, they will outlast asphalt shingles and are considered an eco-friendly alternative. Clay roofs are highly resistant to heat and allow air to circulate which helps to keep your home cool in the summer. They are also fire-resistant and can withstand high-speed winds.

Unlike other roofing materials that can become damaged by mold and algae, clay tile is naturally impermeable. This makes it an excellent choice for coastal areas that are exposed to salt air and extreme temperature fluctuations. They are also color-fast and will not change in appearance due to exposure to the elements.

Clay tiles are durable and resistant to moisture absorption and are a good option for homeowners in regions that experience frequent hailstorms. They are also highly resistant to fire, wind and earthquakes. Because of their density and insulating properties, clay tiles are energy efficient and can help to lower your home’s utility bills. Many clay tile roofs are ENERGY STAR rated and can reduce your energy costs by up to 20%.

The natural beauty of terra cotta clay tiles is complemented by the range of styles and colors available to match any aesthetic or architectural design. They are also a great choice for homes that require an airy, spacious feel. They are easy to clean and will not rot or attract insects. If you want a more rustic look, you can opt for clay tiles with a rough surface that gives the impression of a weathered barn or cottage.

Roof Repair Basics

The first step in Roof Repair NJ is to inspect the damage. Look for water stains, pooled water, sagging, or dampness.

Roof Repair

Check for dents — especially on metal roofs. Moisture trapped in these dents can lead to mold and mildew and cause serious structural problems. Also, check the condition of roof vents, chimney seals, and skylights.

Shingles are the outer layer of your roof that keeps water, snow, and debris from seeping into your home. While they are designed to be long-lasting, inspecting them annually and after severe storms is important to ensure that they’re intact and functioning properly. If left unattended, shingle damage can cause moisture to leak under them and eventually rot the wood sheathing underneath. Even small shingle damage should be repaired right away to prevent it from spreading.

A shingle can pop up for a variety of reasons, from improper installation to age-related deterioration and moisture issues. It’s important to determine the underlying issue when deciding on the best method for repair. A professional roofer will be able to assess the situation and recommend the appropriate course of action.

If a shingle is simply cracked or torn, replacement isn’t necessary – it can be resealed. To do so, start by removing any nails holding the target shingle to the roof deck. Next, slide a flat pry bar carefully under the edge of the shingle. This will break the shingle sealant that is keeping it in place, allowing you to lift and remove the shingle.

Once the shingle is removed, apply a thick bead of roof sealant to the area where it was cracked or torn. Press the new shingle into position and firmly nail it to the roof deck. If you used a flat pry bar, be sure to replace the nail that was held by the damaged shingle. Once the new shingle is sealed, cover any exposed nails with roofing cement to protect them from the elements.

If you’re worried about your neighbors seeing that you’ve made a repair on the roof, camouflage the sealant with some crushed-up granules from old or leftover shingles. This trick will help the new shingle blend in with the rest of the roof and keep your home looking great. If you notice a lot of shingle damage throughout your roof, it may be time to call for a professional roofer. They can help you decide on a plan for comprehensive roof repair that will protect your home for years to come.


Flashing is a thin sheet of metal bent into place to close corners and crevices where water might leak through shingles and into a home or structure. It is typically made of galvanized steel, though other metals such as copper can also be used for this purpose. It is most often installed where a roof meets a wall, such as around chimneys, dormers, vent pipes and window openings. It is also used in areas where the roof slopes meet at valleys and rafter edges, as well as where roof penetrations like skylights or chimney stacks extend outward from the roof surface.

A good roofer will install the proper flashing for each of these situations. For example, a chimney requires special two-part flashing called base and counter-flashing to ensure that rainwater always meets a surface that can direct it downward. This is important because without it, rain could dribble down inside the chimney and enter a home through the shingles below.

Another type of flashing a roofer might use is step flashing, which includes “L” shaped pieces of metal that overlap like fish scales along a vertical wall-to-roof juncture. This is particularly effective around chimneys, dormers and other protrusions that would be difficult to close with a single piece of flashing.

While flashing is typically installed at the time of a roof installation, it can wear out over time and may require replacement. Signs of wear include water stains on walls near flashing, cracking in the caulk used to seal it and rust spots on exposed flashing metal. If any sections of flashing are missing entirely, it is likely necessary to replace them immediately for the water tightness of certain parts of a building to remain intact.

A skilled roofer should inspect exposed flashing annually, especially after heavy rains. If the caulk looks old, cracked and deteriorated or has been removed, it should be replaced with a high-quality product. It is important to check that the flashing is properly sealed against the siding and corner boards, as well as the gaps between windows and their frames. Leaks caused by improperly installed flashing can be extremely expensive to fix.


Gutters are essentially long troughs that sit along the edge of your roof and catch all the rainwater it sheds. They then move the water to downspouts, which are then carried to the ground and away from your home’s foundation and walls. Without gutters, the water would pool near your house, eventually causing damage that can easily cost thousands of dollars to repair.

In addition to their practical function, gutters can also add a bit of visual interest to your home’s exterior. They can be made from a variety of materials, including copper, aluminum and vinyl. While different materials have varying levels of durability, all can help to improve your home’s curb appeal.

A gutter system is also an important investment because it can save you from costly structural damage. Leaking or broken gutters can allow water to seep through the attic, causing mold, mildew and wood rot. Excess water can also flood basements, cause soil erosion and damage garden areas or flower beds. Gutters prevent all of this by providing a quick and easy way for water to escape your roof.

To ensure your gutters continue to work properly, you should clean them on a regular basis. This includes removing leaves, twigs and other debris from the troughs. You can do this yourself using a tall ladder and some gloves. However, it is always best to hire a professional, especially if the gutters are clogged.

Having your gutters repaired by a professional is one of the best investments you can make for your home. Not only do gutters keep your home protected from expensive structural damage, but they can also significantly increase the value of your property.

A good roofer will start by inspecting your fascia board to determine if it needs to be replaced. They will look at the condition of the old board and its slope to ensure that the replacement is the correct size. They will also check for signs of water damage such as rotting or bowing, and then remove the old fascia board before installing the new one.


Roof vents allow hot air and moisture to escape the attic, which helps prevent mold and mildew in the home. Proper ventilation also reduces energy costs by decreasing the temperature in the attic. If you have problems with your roof vents, it’s important to repair them as soon as possible to avoid more expensive repairs later on.

Ideally, your home should have both gable end vents and ridge vents. Gable end vents are nailed into the gable ends of your shingles, while ridge vents are installed at the crest of the roof. Gable end vents are more common and easier to repair, but ridge vents are more effective because they’re able to pull air from all directions.

A clogged roof vent is one of the most common problems with your ventilation system. You can fix this by removing any debris in the area of the vent. It’s also a good idea to use a wire brush or vacuum cleaner to remove any clogs that are more serious.

Another common problem with roof vents is that they become loose or damaged. This can be due to weather damage or just from age and wear. It’s important to check that the vent cover is securely attached to the pipe, and if necessary, replace it.

You can also check to make sure the plumbing vent boots are still intact. These are rubber covers that slide down over pipes that protrude through the roof, such as exhaust or ice dam vents. You can replace these with new ones if they’re missing or cracked, and you can find them at most home centers.

If you’re unsure whether your vents are working, wait for a windy day and go into the attic to see if you can feel the breeze coming through the vents. If not, you may need to hire a roofing expert to repair them.

Poor attic ventilation can lead to many problems, including excessive heat and humidity in the home, mold and mildew, and ice dams. It’s crucial to have proper ventilation in every climate, but especially if you live in a colder area.

How to Install Roofs?

The roof of a building serves many functions, from protecting the structure from precipitation to creating an architectural statement. Today’s homeowners have plenty of roofing options from which to choose.

Spring Valley Roofing can prevent leaks. Replacing and fixing gutters that steer water runoff can also prevent leaks.


Roofing materials cover and protect the topside of your home or structure. A wide variety of roofing materials are available to fit your unique style and needs. The best choice for you will depend on several factors, including your budget, the climate where you live, and the design of your house or building.

Shingles and shakes are the most popular roofing materials for residential homes. They come in many shapes, sizes, and colors, adding a classic look that complements almost any house style. They are also relatively inexpensive compared to other roofing materials and offer good durability. However, they don’t hold up well in perpetually damp climates and are prone to leaking if improperly maintained.

Slate, terracotta, and clay tiles are beautiful roofing materials that complement any architectural style and can last up to a century. They have a natural, aesthetically pleasing appearance and are eco-friendly. However, these roofing materials are expensive and require a significant investment to purchase and install.

Metal roofing is a popular option for homeowners because it is durable, water-resistant, and fire-proof. It comes in various styles, including shingles and sheets, and is available in galvalume, aluminum, copper, and zinc. It is often cheaper than other roofing materials but requires frequent maintenance and a high upfront cost.

Several roofing membranes exist, including PVC, TPO, and rubber. They are designed to be water-resistant and provide added insulation for your home. They are a suitable roofing option for flat and low-pitch roofs.

Concrete and asphalt are other common roofing materials. They are more affordable than shingle or tile but provide a different level of durability.

Various roofing systems, such as built-up roofing (BUR), are also available. BUR is comprised of multiple layers of felt impregnated with asphalt and covered with a layer of gravel or other heavy debris. It is suitable for flat or low-pitch roofs and can last up to 30 years.

Roofing is installing products on the surface of roofs to protect them from weather. Roofing materials include shingles, tiles, composition, sheet metal coverings, and other waterproof protection. Roofing also includes construction, reconstruction, alteration, and repair of roofs and their associated structures. It does not have work performed by masons, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, refrigeration, or heating and cooling contractors.

A good roofing contractor will use underlayment, a waterproof material placed over the decking, before putting on the shingles. This prevents leaks and rots from the underside of your roof. There are different kinds of underlayment, depending on your local building codes and the type of roof you have. You can also buy underlayment that maintains or increases your roof’s fire rating.

Once the underlayment is in place, a roofing contractor will apply a tar-based product to the roof and then nail the first row of shingles into it. The contractor will overlap the shingles at least six inches and fix them in a pattern with closed nails near the edge and spreading out more towards the center of the roof. The shingles will be sealed with a bead of waterproof caulking or roofing cement.

Your roofing contractor will also waterproof the valleys where the roof slopes meet in a “V” shape. The roof valleys often see a lot of water run through them, so they also need to be protected. The contractor will use a different underlayment in the valleys than in the rest of the roof.

/When it comes to repairing a roof, there are a few approaches. The simplest is simply laying new shingle overlays on top of existing ones. This can be done by a professional or the homeowner with little or no experience, but it only lasts for a short time or offers as much protection as a re-roofing. It also adds to the weight of the roof, which the rafters must support, and it needs to be updated in most areas.

Another option is to replace missing or damaged shingles. This can be accomplished by removing the old shingle, replacing it with the same type and color, and then nailing or caulking the edges. Flashing can also be repaired by removing the old piece and re-bending the metal, then fixing it to the roof like the previous piece. If nails are used, they should be covered with roofing cement or sealant.

Keeping the tools for roof repair handy is a good idea. A good set of hand tools will include a pry bar for loosening shingles or sheathing, a claw hammer for pulling out nails and for pounding in replacements, a pair of shears for cutting shingles, and a box of roofing cement or tar to use for sealing cracks or covering small holes.

A roof should be regularly inspected and maintained to keep shingles from falling off and to find and repair damage before it worsens. Ideally, this should be done bi-annually by trained roofing professionals and documented in writing.

During these inspections, mechanics should sweep the roof surface to remove debris and check downspouts for water penetration or leakage signs. Depending on the roof’s condition, they may recommend removing or replacing the underlayment, the material between the decking and shingles, typically made from treated paper or synthetic sheets. This can prevent water seepage through the joists or sheathing that supports and protects the rafters.

The gutters should be cleaned to ensure they direct water away from the roof and home, not toward them. They should also be inspected for clogs and other problems. The gutter system must be well-ventilated to prevent vapor buildup in the attic, which can damage shingles and even degrade wood sheathing or rafters.

Trimming tree branches that hang over the roof or look like they might fall during a storm is important. This will help to prevent shingle damage caused by branches scraping the surface during windy weather. Keeping attic vents open is another way to ensure proper ventilation. This is vital for a shingle roof because it allows hot air and moisture to escape, preventing the accumulation of water vapor that can weaken shingles.

In addition to these major areas of the roof, it is also a good idea to examine and clean small items, such as the chimney flashing (the metal that covers the gap between the roofing planes and the walls of the house), to prevent water leaks. Adding or replacing the flashing in these areas is often a quick and inexpensive fix, and it can save costly repairs to the roof membrane.